Indonesia - 24 March, 2022
From 2019-2021, Tropenbos Indonesia (TI), with GLA funding (2016 -2020) has made an important contribution to spatial planning in Sukadana Town, the capital city of the Kayong Utara District, West Kalimantan Province. TI prepared the Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) document for the Detailed Spatial Plan (RDTR) and the Sukadana Town Zoning Regulation.
SEA is a series of systematic, comprehensive, and participatory analyzes to ensure that the principles of sustainable development have become the basis and are integrated in the development of a region and/or policies, plans, and or programs (KRP). Based on the regulations (Article 15 of Law Number 32 of 2009, and Article 17 number 8 of Law Number 11 of 2020 concerning Job Creation); SEA is a planning instrument that must be implemented by the government and local governments for the preparation of the regional spatial plan (RTRW) and its detailed plan
The big dream of TI with the existence of the SEA, Sukadana Town has a green RDTR and Zoning Regulation that can be a strong foundation for achieving sustainable development goals (SDGs), apart from developing a model for the ideal implementation of inclusive SEA as an example to others district/town governments.
Sukadana Town consists of five villages, Pampang Harapan Village, Pangkalan Buton, Sutera, Harapan Mulia and Gunung Sembilan. The city is flanked by the Sukadana Bay marine ecosystem in the west, and the Gunung Palung National Park (TNGP) ecosystem in the north, east and south. In the town of Sukadana itself there are river ecosystems, mangroves, food agriculture, and agroforestry.
Considering the uniqueness of the socio-ecological conditions of Sukadana Town, TI formed the SEA Drafting Team whose members consist of various experts, including spatial planning, hydrologists, biodiversity, socio-economic and natural resource and environmental management experts.
The data collection process begined with public consultation, discussion, and dialogue with the Regent and Kayong Utara District Government officials, community leaders, NGO activists, Gunung Palung National Park Officials, and the Directorate General of Spatial Planning, Ministry of Spatial Planning and Agrarian Affairs. Field observations and secondary data collection were also carried out simultaneously.
The backbone of the study lies in the analysis of the influence of the Sukadana Town RDTR Policy/Planning/Program (KRP) on the environment and sustainable development. From this analysis, three main things were produced.
First, the identification of eight strategic issues for the sustainable development of Sukadana Town that have the potential to arise in the future as a consequence of the implementation of the Sukadana Town RDTR, namely: (i) land use and land use change, (ii) access to clean water, (iii) municipal waste problems, (iv) floods, (v) population growth and poverty, (vi) tenure conflicts, (vii) forest and land fires; and (viii) biodiversity degradation.
Second, identified five Policies, Planning and Programs (KRP) for the spatial structure and spatial pattern of the Sukadana Town RDTR that have the potential to result in environmental change and sustainable development in the future, namely: (i) development of the service center for the advancement of culture and the environment; (ii) development of the service center for increasing the attractiveness of ecotourism and man-made tourism, accelerating trade and service and sub-district governance capacity, and sustaining medium density housing; (iii) development program for low density housing, food crops, plantation and government office; (iv) development program for improving transportation networks particularly the capacity of primary collector road and local road; and (v) development program for shaping and maintaining the spatial area of agriculture, and high density housing.
Third, the five Sukadana RDTR plans/programs are then analyzed for their impact on eight strategic issues of sustainable development. The analysis is carried out by comparing the future conditions of the sustainable development issues of Sukadana Town with and without the RDTR plan/program.
The end of the analysis is the formulation of alternatives for improving the Sukadana Town RDTR KRP and Zoning Regulations which include:
Alternative 2 is recommended as an effort to improve the KRP RDTR and the Sukadana Urban Zoning Regulation. The next critical point is to integrate the recommendations of Alternative 2 KLHS into the preparation of technical materials for the Sukadana Town RDTR.
The focus of integration lies in Chapter 6 (Spatial Utilization Provisions), in particular: (i) Chapter 6.1.1. Program for the realization of the spatial structure plan; (ii) Chapter 6.1.2. Spatial pattern plan realization program. Chapter 6.1.3. Embodiment Program for Determination of Development Area Unit / Satuan Wilayah Pengembangan (SWP); (iii) Chapter 6.1.4. Program for the realization of Resilience to Climate Change; (iv) Chapter 6.2. Program Indications, with particularity on: Completion of the Table of Program Indications ITBX Matrix Completion as a direction for space utilization with certain Zoning Regulations.
The ITBX matrix is 180 rows and 40 columns long. The matrix row is the employment or business field according to the Standard Classification of Business Fields (KBLU). The matrix column is the pattern of space utilization according to the category of conservation, green open space, housing zone, trade and service zone, and so on.
In each matrix cell the notation I, T, B, or X is included, where I is the notation for the classification of permitted/permitted space utilization activities. T is the notation for the classification of space utilization activities with certain limitations (limitation on operating time, area, and/or business intensity). B is the notation for the classification of spatial use activities that require environmental permits or approvals (AMDAL, UKL-UPL). X is the notation for the classification of prohibited space utilization activities.
By integrating the results of the SEA into the technical material of the RDTR, the Sukadana RDTR has been transformed into a green spatial planning. This Green RDTR then becomes a platform for establishing Zoning Regulations (PZ) at the site level in accordance with the activities or business fields to be developed.
On December 3, 2021, through letter Number S/1949/DLHK-III/PL/2021, the Head of the Environment and Forestry Service of West Kalimantan Province stated that the Sukadana SEA RDTR document was declared valid based on the applicable laws and regulations. The resulting SEA can then be used as a reference in the RDTR process for the Sukadana Urban Area, Kayong Utara District in 2021-2041.