Having concern on the widespread deforestation and forest degradation in Kalimantan due to mining, agriculture, plantation and other extractive industries, as well as infrastructure development and settlement, Tropenbos Indonesia has set up collaboration through the signed MoU with ELTI (Environmental Leadership Training Initiative) to improve human resources capacity coming from the government agencies, NGOs, universities, private companies and other related organizations/institutions which have the potential to do the rehabilitation and forest restoration activities.
The Green Livelihoods Alliance (GLA) is a collaborative program between Milieudefensie, IUCN Netherlands and Tropenbos International, in a strategic partnership with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands. The program is carried out in 9 countries: Ghana, DR Congo, Nigeria, Uganda, Bolivia, Paraguay, Vietnam, Philippines, and Indonesia.
Since the introduction of the High Conservation Values (HCV) concept in the 1990s, many HCV areas have been identified in forest concessions, oil palm plantations and other production areas. HCVs within production areas make a significant contribution to protecting and maintaining the entire landscape.
Protected areas in Indonesia (accounting for more than 55 million hectares) have been designated for the purpose of providing environmental services, conservation and social and cultural services.
Limited rights and access to natural resources and declining forest resources leave local communities few other livelihood options but to engage in activities that yield immediate economic gain, particularly illegal logging activities, and convert forest lands for other purposes (e.g. oil palm) that can provide quick cash income. This, in turn, leads to further degradation of natural resources, resulting in the erosion of the support basis for sustainable livelihoods.